27 Jan Why do my walls have cracks?
Any homeowner will know that, unfortunately, drywall cracks. There are causes of drywall cracks, but the overarching theme is that the cracks are unattractive and need to be addressed. More importantly, you’ll want to get to the root cause of any drywall crack because the reasons aren’t always benign.
The leading causes of drywall (also called sheetrock and gypsum boards) cracking are foundation settlement or shifting, humidity in the home, temperature fluctuations, and seismic activity. All of these conditions will cause the drywall’s organic materials to crack. Let’s take a closer look at each of these.
One of the most concerning causes of drywall cracking is foundation problems. Some settling over time is expected. However, if your foundation settles (moves down into the ground) or heaves (moves the foundation up), there will be drywall cracking from the stress of the movement. Too much foundation movement signals a big problem, and you will want a professional evaluation. But first, you should know how to identify more serious foundation cracks:
- Cracks that continue to expand or widen with time
- Cracks that are thicker than a quarter-inch
- Cracks that form at door/window frames
- Cracks that appear to stairstep through drywall
- Drywall that is bulging or bowing
If your crack falls into any of these categories, it’s critical to get a foundation evaluation before you address the cracking, which is a cosmetic fix. (If you try to repair drywall before the foundation, the crack will reappear as the foundation continues to shift.)
New Construction Settling
It’s not unusual for a new homeowner to awaken to a drywall crack as the new house settles during the first year. How much it settles and whether it causes drywall crack sometimes – but not always – comes down to the quality of the construction materials used. Mass-produced homes can be more prone to settling than custom-built houses. Mass production house builders tend to be on a tight schedule and, thus, more reliant on new undried wood. New undried wood contains moisture and will eventually shrink as it dries out. As it shrinks, it can cause small drywall cracks. While these are unattractive, they’re relatively harmless and can be fixed. However, we don’t recommend making those repairs until after the first year of construction to allow the wood to dry out fully.
Unattended and vacant homes can experience drywall cracks. Cracks can happen in homes that go unoccupied for several months. It’s essential to ensure even climate control that accounts for temperature and humidity. Extreme temperature or humidity inside your home can cause drywall cracks.
When drywall (also known as sheetrock) is installed, mudding and taping are used at the seams. If this isn’t done correctly, cracks will eventually develop as the tape begins to curl up from the mudding. (This is why it’s important to use a good building contractor.) You might have to retape if the cracking is severe enough. If you don’t have experience with this, we suggest hiring a professional.
Leaks & Water Damage
Another cause of drywall crack can be a leak from a water pipe, window, door frame, roof, or chimney. Drywall is composed of organic materials, which can absorb water easily and cause staining and cracking or wrinkling of the drywall. These types of drywall cracks will feel wet or moist, even if you can’t see the moisture itself. Before fixing the drywall damage, you must address the cause of the water or moisture and allow the drywall to dry thoroughly. Once the drywall is completely dry, then the crack can be repaired.
We’re here to help if you need assistance with drywall cracks throughout your home. We have over two decades of experience in Northern Virginia homes and offices as a reliable painting contractor.